The Commission on Global Security, Justice and Governance (PDF) is a High Level Commission of the Hague Institute for Global Justice. Former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and former Nigerian Foreign Minister Ibrahim Gambari will chair the Commission that would focus on conflict-affected states, the cyber economy, and climate change. We at Perry4Law Organisation and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) welcome this move of Hague Institute and wish all the best to the Commission.
As far as information and communication technology (ICT) and cyberspace is concerned, conflict of laws in cyberspace and civil liberties protection in cyberspace are two of the most prominent areas that have to be analysed by the Commission. Other similar areas would also be required to be analysed by the Commission in due course of time.
Take the example of cyber warfare as a conflict area in cyberspace. As on date there is no international cyber security treaty (PDF) than can govern the cyber warfare issues. International legal issues of cyber attacks have significantly increased but there is a policy and regulatory void to deal with the same.
We cannot rely upon the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare (Tallinn Manual) for dealing with cyber warfare issues as the manual is just an academic, non-binding study on how international law, in particular the jus ad bellum and international humanitarian law, apply to cyber conflicts and cyber warfare. The Commission can play a significant role in this regard.
The official websites of the Commission states that Humanity is facing unique and growing range of challenges like political violence, environmental decay, cyber insecurity and cross-border economic shocks. These issues have global security and justice implications that need urgent attention but far exceed state and global institutional capacities.
To overcome this capacity deficit, The Hague Institute for Global Justice and The Stimson Center have convened a Commission on Global Security, Justice, and Governance. The Commission also brings together a select group of eminent statespersons and public intellectuals to draft and recommend reforms in this regard that would be considered during the 70th Anniversary Summit of the United Nations in September 2015.
According to Abiodun Williams, President of The Hague Institute for Global Justice, “Finding better mechanisms to prevent and resolve armed conflicts, address the human security impacts of climate change, and prevent future cross-border economic shocks requires bold and innovative approaches to global leadership. Viewing these challenges through the lens of global security and justice lends greater urgency to governance reform and engages state and non-state actors worldwide in new and meaningful ways.”