The market for dietary supplement, health supplement, functional food and nutraceutical is fast developing in India. With this development the health, food and medicine related legal compliances in India have also increased a lot. Most of the contemporary healthcare and nutraceutical companies and businesses have started using e-commerce as a method of sales, growth and development. This has given rise to many techno legal compliances on their part.
For instance, fields like online pharmacies, ayurveda, healthcare technology, nutraceuticals, e-health, m-health, telemedicine, etc require compliance with techno legal requirements as prescribed by various legislations of India. These include compliance with laws like Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954 and Rules 1955 (PDF), Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (PDF), information technology act, 2000, etc. A complete list of various laws that are required to be taken care of by various healthcare and nutraceutical companies and businesses can be accessed here.
When business is done through e-commerce mode, cyber law, cyber security and data security compliances are also required to be taken care of. Internet intermediary liability and cyber law due diligence (PDF) must be taken care of beforehand before launching a website in these fields. The position has become so clear now that cyber due diligence cannot be ignored by Indian companies anymore.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has been playing an important role in ensuring proper safety and security of food products in India. There are other regulatory authorities as well that come into picture when e-commerce mechanism is used by the stakeholders under this segment.
In their own interest, dietary supplement, health supplement, functional food and nutraceutical stakeholders must comply with techno legal compliance requirements as prescribed by various law of India if they wish to continue the e-commerce model.