Cyber crimes have significantly increased in India. The trends in this regard are not very promising. For instance, the cyber law (PDF), cyber security (PDF) and cyber forensics (PDF) trends in the year 2013 have showed poor performance of Indian government in these fields. This position has not changed in 2014 as well. For instance, the cyber forensics trends of India 2014 still show inability of India to deal with cyber forensics related issues. India is also clinging to outdated laws like cyber law and telegraph law and is not investing effectively in the field of intelligence agencies and law enforcement technology for India.
In the absence of scientific approach towards digital evidence and cyber crime investigation, there are very few cyber crimes convictions in India. In fact, the Supreme Court of India is hearing many Public Interest Litigations (PILs) in this regard. In one such PIL the Supreme Court of India has issued notice to centre to seek its views in this regard. The Supreme Court has sought response from the centre on a PIL seeking its direction to the government to frame regulations and guidelines for effective investigation of cyber crimes in India.
Realising the seriousness of the situation, Indian government has announced to formulate a cyber crimes prevention strategy of India. Cyber crimes investigation, however, requires sound techno legal expertise. Skills development through online training and skills development courses in urgently required for Indian law enforcement agencies. Cyber crimes investigation training in India is one such skills development activity that must be imparted to make law enforcement agencies of India modern and upto date.
Modernisation of police force of India requires not only basic knowledge of information and communication technology (ICT) but also practical trainings in the areas like cyber law, cyber crimes investigation, cyber forensics, etc. Cyber crimes investigation capabilities in India are not up to the standards. Presently, most of the police stations and police officers find it difficult to deal with cyber law and cyber crimes related cases. Another area where India needs to work is to strengthen the cyber forensics investigation capabilities. There is a dire need to develop cyber forensics best practices in India as soon as possible.
We at Perry4Law Organisation and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) believe that law enforcement agencies of India need to develop good techno legal cyber skills to improve their investigative capabilities. Police must also ensure cyber law skills development. Similarly, police in India also need to undertake cyber frauds detection trainings so that cyber frauds can be anticipated even before they are committed.