Police force of India is presently struggling to deal with modern day crimes. For instance, cyber crimes in India are increasing at an alarming rate while their punishment is not very satisfactory. A major reason for this poor performance of Indian police force is lack of effective and sufficient techno legal trainings for police force of India.
Further, Cyber Crimes Investigation Capabilities in India also need to be strengthened. We must stress upon techno legal skills development in India of police force. To update their skills and expertise on a continuous basis, police force of India must also enroll for continuing lifelong learning in India.
Many ambitious projects in India CCTNS, National Intelligence Grid (Natgrid), National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC) Of India, Central Monitoring System (CMS) Project Of India, etc requires techno legal expertise. Law enforcement agencies of India must be aware of both technical as well as legal requirements in order to derive maximum benefits out of these projects.
No time in the history of India we needed modernisation of police forces of India than now. Fortunately, there is no dearth of financial resources as even the proposed budgets from time to time have provided reasonably good amount for the same.
Some of the national security projects that are presently launched by Home Ministry include National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID), Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) Project of India (CCTNS Project), Central Monitoring System (CMS) of India, etc. It does not mean that Indian police force would be modernised and made more efficient immediately. Even there is no guarantee of the same for the next five years till these promises are supported by a political will to execute the same.
The indications are positive and so may be the outcomes. The need of the hour is to purse the commitment till the same is accomplished. Many crucial projects in India have failed because though they were started with the right planning and commitment yet till the end neither planning nor commitment survived.
India cannot afford to adopt this lax strategy at this crucial period of time when cyber crimes and cyber attacks, terrorism and cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber espionage, organised crimes, trans border crimes, white collar crimes, etc are plaguing India.
With the active use of technology, these crimes have further been made difficult to trace as well as to be prosecuted. For instance, it took Computer Emergency Response Team-India (CERT-In) and Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) four months to ascertain the IP address of the attackers who defaced CBI’s website.
At times even IP address tracking methods and techniques for e-mails becomes an impossible task in India. Further, we must also keep in mind that IP address should not be the sole criteria for arrest and conviction. Further, IP address spoofing and its defenses must also be kept in mind. Further, hidden Internet in India and world wide is also a breeding ground for cyber crimes and cyber criminals. In order to effectively tackle cyber crimes in India, Cyber Forensic Investigation Solutions in India also need to be developed.
Perry4Law, Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) and Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) have been managing exclusive cyber forensics research centre of India, cyber security research centre of India and cyber crimes investigation centre of India. These centers can help in modernisation of police force of India.
At this stage it would be imperative to mention the importance of suitable training to law enforcement manpower. The ambitious projects CCTNS, NATGRID, Unique Identification Project of India (UID Project), etc cannot survive in the long run in the absence of suitable Policies, Trainings and Legal Framework. Legal Enablement of ICT Systems in India is also required.
Equally important are the issues of Legal Empowerment of Law Enforcement Machinery in India. India is negligent in formulating good laws governing the law enforcement machinery. In the absence of good legislative provisions, the performance of police force cannot be expected to be good. It is only now that the Central Bureau of Investigation Act 2010 and Delhi Police Act have been drafted. They would be presented in the Parliament of India and may become enforceable law one day. Besides, political interferences in the day to day functioning of police forces in India must be minimised.
With positive hints being given by Indian Government, we can expect some good legislative steps by Parliament of India in the forthcoming session. A good law bringing transparency, accountability, flexibility and autonomy to police forces in India is the urgent need of the hour.